SpaceX Founder Unveils Plans for an Extraterrestrial Colony on Mars --"Making Humans a Multiplanetary Species"
SpaceX and Tesla founder Elon Musk will outline a plan on Today at the International Astronautical Congress in Mexico for building an extraterrestrial settlement on the Mars and make "humans a multiplanetary species." Musk views Mars as a "backup drive" for humanity.
NASA: Europa's Water Plumes Detected --"Future Missions Able to Probe Its Ocean For Life on the Surface"
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have imaged what may be water vapor plumes erupting off the surface of Jupiter's moon Europa. This finding bolsters other Hubble observations suggesting the icy moon erupts with high-altitude water vapor plumes. The observation increases the possibility that missions to Europa may be able to sample Europa's ocean without having to drill through miles of ice.
Today's NASA TV Press-Conference Primer --"The Vanishing 200-Kilometer-High Geysers of Jupiter's Ocean Moon, Europa"
“Water is generally considered a basic prerequisite for life – at least as we know it on earth,” said Lorenz Roth, who was in charge of analysing the 2013 Hubble observations and who has been working at the Southwest Research Institute in America. “For this reason, the discovery of a water vapor plumes on the moon Europa has increasingly become a focus of extraterrestrial research.”
“If we’re going to look for life on Mars, it would be really kind of lame to bring Earth life and find that instead,” Cassie Conley, NASA’s planetary protection officer, told the New York Times. “We have discovered that there are many more Earth organisms that have capabilities we didn’t expect,” Conley said in the new NASA video shown below.
"First, perhaps, it might be best to understand why anyone would want to land on Europa at all. Europa – the second of Jupiter’s four large satellites – is clearly a special place," says Caltech's Mike Brown, the Richard and Barbara Rosenberg Professor of Planetary Astronomy. "Ever since the time of the Galileo spacecraft nearly 2 decades ago, we have recognized that Europa’s fresh icy surface, covered with cracks and ridges and transform faults, is the external signature of a vast internal salty ocean.
"Beyond Science Fiction" --Chinese Quantum Physics Breakthrough Enables New Radar Capable of Detecting ‘Invisible’ Targets 100 Kilometers Distant
The breakthrough relies on ‘spooky’ quantum-physics phenomenon of entanglement, dubbed by Albert Einstein as “spooky action at a distance." Until recently, the idea of quantum radar had remained largely confined to science fiction. China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), one of the “Top 10” military industry groups controlled directly by the central government, stunned physicists around the world this week when it announced it's the new radar system’s entangled photons had detected targets 100 kilometers away in a recent field test.
Today's 'Galaxy' Insight --"A Globular Cluster Might be the 1st Place Advanced Alien Life is Detected"
“We call it the ‘globular cluster opportunity,’” says Rosanne Di Stefano of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). “A globular cluster might be the first place in which intelligent life is identified in our galaxy. Sending a broadcast between the stars wouldn’t take any longer than a letter from the U.S. to Europe in the 18th century. “Interstellar travel would take less time too. The Voyager probes are 100 billion miles from Earth, or one-tenth as far as it would take to reach the closest star if we lived in a globular cluster. That means sending an interstellar probe is something a civilization at our technological level could do in a globular cluster,” she adds.
A team led by Case Western Reserve University researchers has found a significant new relationship in spiral and irregular galaxies: the acceleration observed in rotation curves tightly correlates with the gravitational acceleration expected from the visible mass only. In a paper accepted for publication by the journal Physical Review Letters and posted on the preprint website arXiv, the astronomers argue that the relation they've found is tantamount to a new natural law.
Breaking Taboo: Swedish Scientist Modifies DNA in Human Embryos --"Ignores Ethical Boundaries of Science"
In a recent experiment, a Swedish scientist, Fredrik Lanner, a developmental biologist at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, attempted to modify the genes of a human embryos injecting a gene-editing tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 into carefully thawed five human embryos donated by couples who had gone through in vitro fertilization (IVF). One did not survive the cooling and thawing process, while another one was severely damaged while being injected. The remaining three embryos, which were two-days old when they were injected, survived in good shape, with one of them dividing immediately after being injected.