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NASA Confirms: 'StarTrek' EM-Drive Propulsion System "Appears to Work --To Mars in 70 Days"

 

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After months of heated debate and leaked documents, NASA's long-awaited EM Drive paper has finally been peer-reviewed and published. And it shows that the 'impossible' propulsion system appears to work.  Tests carried out by both NASA and independent researchers confirmed that the drive was able to produce thrust in a vacuum that would allow us to reach the moon in just four hours, Mars in 70 days, and Pluto in just 18 months.

 

The NASA Eagleworks Laboratory team in what is the first peer-reviewed research ever published on the EM Drive, lays out the hypothesis for how the EM Drive could produce thrust – something that would appear impossible according to our current understanding of the laws of physics.

The full and official peer-reviewed paper regarding the drive appeared online through the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)’s Journal of Propulsion and Power. It's a big milestone, said Motherboard yesterday, "but keep in mind that peer-review doesn't mean the argument necessarily holds water, only that the measures taken to arrive at the conclusion were considered sound."

You can read the abstract summary of NASA's NASA Eagleworks Laboratory paper: Measurement of Impulsive Thrust from a Closed Radio-Frequency Cavity in Vacuum. Read here.

The EM Drive, or Electromagnetic Drive, is a propulsion system first proposed by British inventor Roger Shawyer back in 1999 based on the theory of special relativity, electricity converted into microwaves and fired within a truncated cone-shaped closed metal cavity causes the microwave particles to exert more force on the flat surface at the large end of the cone (there is less combined particle momentum at the narrow end due to a reduction in group particle velocity), generating thrust.

 

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In order to minimise the internal Doppler shift (the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave for an observer moving relative to its source), circular polarisation and a phase-locked loop control the microwave input to the thruster, which maximises thrust as it accelerates.

Critics say that according to the Newton's law of conservation of momentum, EM Drive theory cannot work as in order for a thruster to gain momentum in one direction, a propellant must be expelled in the opposite direction, while the EmDrive is a closed system.

 

 

Shawyer claims that following fundamental physics involving the theory of special relativity, the EmDrive does in fact preserve the law of conservation of momentum and energy. Instead of using heavy, inefficient rocket fuel, it bounces microwaves back and forth inside a cone-shaped metal cavity to generate thrust that it could power NASA to Mars in just 70 days.

The NASA release is similar to the paper that was leaked online earlier this month and, most notably, shows that the drive does indeed produce 1.2 millinewtons per kilowatt of thrust in a vacuum:

To put that into perspective, the super-powerful Hall thruster, a type of ion thruster in which the propellant is accelerated by an electric field, generates force of 60 millinewtons per kilowatt, an order of magnitude more than the EM Drive. But the Hall thruster requires propellants, and that extra weight could offset the higher thrust, the team concludes. The Hall-effect thrusters trap electrons in a magnetic field and then use the electrons to ionize propellant, efficiently accelerate the ions to produce thrust, and neutralize the ions in the plume.

Light sails on the other hand, which are currently the most popular form of zero-propellant propulsion, only generate force up to 6.67 micronewtons per kilowatt – two orders of magnitude less than NASA's EM Drive, says the paper.

But the Eagleworks team stress that they were trying to prove whether or not the drive really works, rather than optimiizing performance in the tests, which means the EM Drive could get a lot more efficient with future testing.

The team also offers a hypothesis about how the drive actually works without contradicting the laws of physics: "[The] supporting physics model used to derive a force based on operating conditions in the test article can be categorised as a nonlocal hidden-variable theory, or pilot-wave theory for short."

Pilot-wave theory is a controversial interpretation of quantum mechanics that differs from th e Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics that states that particles do not have defined locations until they are observed, suggesting that particles do have precise positions at all times, but in order for this to be the case, the world must also be strange in other ways – which is why many physicists have dismissed the idea.

The NASA team suggests pilot-wave theory can help explain how the EM Drive produces thrust without appearing to propel anything in the other direction: "If a medium is capable of supporting acoustic oscillations, this means that the internal constituents were capable of interacting and exchanging momentum," the team writes.

"If the vacuum is indeed mutable and degradable as was explored, then it might be possible to do/extract work on/from the vacuum, and thereby be possible to push off of the quantum vacuum and preserve the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of momentum."

Beyond the true-believers of the NASA team, the world's scientific community is hugely skeptical: a Motherboard article on the EM Drive, for example, was deleted by the moderators of the popular subreddit r/Physics because they "consider the EM Drive to be unscientific."

The next step for the EM Drive is for it to be tested in space, which is scheduled to happen in the coming months, with plans to launch the first EM Drive having been made back in September.

The Daily Galaxy via sciencealert.com, ibtimes.co.uk, and motherboard.com

Comments

Now, an entangled particle teleportation portal; would be much faster trip, to the moon or Mars. With instant teleportation and no wasted time in space, to get there. According to E=Me+eC2 Sqiared/ Creating a worm hole between the two portals. Once the entangled portals are entangled; regardless of the distance, a worm hole connects the two together. And entangled portal.

Now, an entangled particle teleportation portal; would be much faster trip, to the moon or Mars. With instant teleportation and no wasted time in space, to get there.

According to my formula; E=Me+eC2 Squared. Creating a worm hole between the two portals.

Once the entangled portals are entangled; regardless of the distance, a worm hole connects the two together. And entangled portal.

fact checking. see this
http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/1.B36120

Must be moving the Higgs-Boson soup (ether) to higher concentrations behind it.
If so, efficiency will decline further from earth where that is thicker.

It's ironic that at a time in history that we are beginning to achieve scientific understanding of the universe in ways we could have only imagined when I was born in 1956 that we just voted to drag ourselves into a mythical past.

I have this weird feeling that just before the idiots kill us all we will understand everything.

Minituarize, scale and produce using additive manufacturing and you'll have a working drive.

So what's the big mystery. Settle it once and for all. The stuff to build a prototype apparatus is cheap. Build one, hang it from a string, turn it on and see if it moves. Sheesh! Just do it already.

To the moon in 4 hours means an average speed of 60,000 mph but since you're stopping, 120,000 mph average, but you're accelerating or decelerating all the way so 180,000mph max. within 2 hours. That's 1,500mph/minute. acceleration/deceleration for 4 hours..
Doable but not realistic, just like this BS "engine"

How can you assert that the EM drive could reach Mars in 70 days when currently NASA is unable to cionfirm it good functionnel in the empty space, and gravity 0, the theory is not complete and we only reach a trust of 1.6 millinewtons, not better that a small solar sail...

T. Townsend brown has been working with electrogravitic systems since the 1920s. Here are a few books to get you started.

https://www.amazon.com/Electrogravitics-Systems-Reports-Propulsion-Methodology/dp/0964107007/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1479785934&sr=8-1&keywords=electrogravitics+systems

https://www.amazon.com/Secrets-Antigravity-Propulsion-Classified-Technology/dp/159143078X/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1479784959&sr=1-3&keywords=antigravity+propulsion

Here is the American Antigravity website. Try to have an open mind.
http://www.americanantigravity.com/tag/electrogravitics

I think this guy did it first by decades, not EM Drive. His is also much faster and easier to build.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bp7qNOFwgDM

I really hope that it will not take to long until this cool technology is going into production. I want to travel to Mars in my livetime or at least have some holydays at some Moon resort or something like that.

Newtonian mechanics is accurate to our understanding of physics until relativistic principles are applied. An example being K=mc^2(1/(1-v/c)^2)-1). Kinetic energy equals mass times the speed of light squared, but when factoring in relativistic velocities, there exists a variation from the simplistic rules which we are accustom,
So is it possible, when considering the quantum resonance fluctuation in a vacuum, in regards to Newtonian mechanics, that there would be a corresponding force, which is not currently understood?

Sorry that would be K=mc^2(1/((1-v/c)^2))^-2-1)

@ Michael Doll: Today it may seem that the idiots are winning, but brains and basic decency will always win in long run. Keep the faith :-)

I wish I could tell you DG folks what I was told at work regarding a similar 'exotic' propulsion system currently wowing brass.
Anyway, fast forward 20-30 years; we could have entered a time where the solar system has had a human travel to it's furthest reaches and back publicly.
-How awesome is that?
We really need to be able to get stuck into the goodies on asteroids and minor planets & establish flourishing colonies all throughout the solar system, if we humans are to survive.
New propulsion systems have to be found such as this purports to herald.
Though as we know, if you are being shown this, you can bet there is a bigger better one somewhere!
PP

I thought science was something that happened in smart people but now I see that science people are handicapped.

Debateme_Mike You are pathetic to call yourself a Debater if you instantly start of by calling everyone else crackpots, then you challenge people to debate you IRL? You sir are no different than a high school bully proclaiming Fight me Fight me!

A bit of bait-and-switch in your handling of this article. First there is the claim that the putative EM drive violates "the laws of physics." Then, in the story, we are told that it does not, that it works because of features of relativity, that the only "laws of physics" it violates are Newtonian.

We often speak of the "laws of physics" or of science generally. It is important to distinguish the fact that these are not "laws" in the sense of edicts which must be obeyed, but in the sense of rules of thumb (if very complicated rules of thumb) which describe our best models of how physics works.

To assume they are laws in the proscriptive sense rather than the descriptive sense is to encourage groupthink and to discourage inquiry. Not to mention the hubris of that assumption. Though I find little awareness of hubris in the declarations of most scientists nowadays.

I guess hubris is just that old stuff, unfashionable, something that we modern humans cannot possibly be guilty of. Yeah, and no sixth mass extinction is looming, either.

Everything with the label "NASA confirms" is obviously a bluff due to their climate scam. The scientific method is obsolete so the "science" is no longer science.

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