Quantum Origins of the Universe --"Seeded the Early Galaxies and Clusters " (Weekend Feature)
Kepler Mission --"Discovers 33 Stars Over 11 Billion Years Old With Earth-Like Planets"

Big-Bang Theory: "The Universe has Slowed Down and Speeded Up Seven Times"

 

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The universe has slowed down and speeded up, not just once, but 7 times in the last 13.8 billion years, on average emulating dark matter in the process. “The ringing has been decaying and is now very small – much like striking a crystal glass and hearing it ring down," say physicists Lawrence Mead and Harry Ringermacher at The University of Southern Mississippi, who have discovered that the universe might not only be expanding, but also oscillating or “ringing” at the same time. 

In 1978 Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson received the Nobel prize for their 1964 discovery of the key signature of this theory, the primal radiation from the early universe known as the “cosmic microwave background” (CMB).

“Then in 1998 the finding that the universe was not only expanding, but was speeding up, or accelerating in its expansion was a shock when it was discovered simultaneously by east coast and west coast teams of astronomers and physicists,” said Mead. “A new form of matter, dark energy, repulsive in nature, was responsible for the speed-up. The teams led by Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess, and Brian Schmidt won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics for that discovery.”

According to Mead and Ringermacher, this change from slowing down to speeding up (the transition time) took place approximately 6 to 7 billion years ago. Since then, Mead and Ringermacher say a vast accumulation of high-tech data has verified the theory to extraordinary accuracy.

The NASA diagram below represents the events of the Big Bang from the beginning of time to the present day as described by the current, accepted model known as “CDM” or Lambda Cold Dark Matter, where the Greek Lambda stands for Einstein’s “cosmological constant”. This cosmological constant is responsible for the acceleration of the universe. The outline of the “bell-shaped” universe represents its expanding size. The transition time is the point in time at which the bell shape shifts from going inward to outward from left to right. Ringermacher and Mead have determined that the  oscillation is not a wave moving through the universe, such as a gravitational wave, but rather it is a “wave of the universe”.

 

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Ringermacher says the discovery was made accidentally when, through their collaboration on dark matter modeling of galaxies, they found a new way of plotting a classic textbook graph describing the scale of the universe against its age (lookback time) that did not depend on one’s prior choice of models of the universe – as was traditional.

“The standard graph, the Hubble diagram, is constructed by astronomers observing the distances of Type 1A Supernovae that serve as “standard candles” for measuring the expansion of the universe,” said Ringermacher. “Analyzing this new plot to locate the transition time of the universe, we found there was more than one such time – in fact multiple oscillations with a frequency of about 7 cycles over the lifetime of the universe. It is space itself that has been speeding up its expansion followed by slowing down 7 times since creation.”

Mead and Ringermacher say this finding must ultimately be verified by independent analyses, preferably of new supernovae data, to confirm its reality. In the meantime, their work into the “ringing” of the universe continues.

To learn more about Ringermacher and Mead’s research, visit Ringermacher’s website at http://ringermacher.com/.

The Daily Galaxy via Tara Burcham Southern Mississippi University

Image Credit: NASA and HUBBLE Deep Field.

Comments

I do not agree. I have a theory that explains, the Universe has Slowed Down and Speeded Up eight Times. And there is not just me. A friend of mine claims that, the Universe has Slowed Down and Speeded Up nine Times. My grant father spoke for ten times and my grant mother, for eleven times.
However, when I discussed this with one of my other friend I was surprised when he told me that probably in this whole story mast need to intervene a psychiatrist.

“The ringing has been decaying and is now very small – much like striking a crystal glass and hearing it ring down," say physicists Lawrence Mead and Harry Ringermacher at The University of Southern Mississippi, who have discovered that the universe might not only be expanding, but also oscillating or “ringing” at the same time.

The only thing ringing is the tiny voices in these 2 clowns heads. As far as the universe speeding up and slowing down is anyone's guess and it's a good thing we have vivid imaginations.

This article has a mistake:"dark energy is responsible for the accelerating expansion of Universe not dark matter" please fix this as this may misguide the readers!

The Universe could be steady, or it's contracting, or it's expanding, or it's expansion is either slowing down or speeding up, but it's hard to see how it could be slowing down and then speeding up, and slowing down and speeding up, and slowing down speeding up!
Remember kids, if ya hear hoof beats, look for horses, not zebra's!

Space Time Physics for lifetime and lifeless position is in the dark energy or event horizon. Astrobiology, Astronomy, Astrophysics, Cosmology or History of the universe is early i.e. early universe. The most important tale is that- it is possible to feel or assess it through the depth of our brain and nothing else i.e. no other means. Hence, it is crystal clear that our brain is the only specimen or allegory or key or Sample of the Universe. Please see my website at www.universalrule.info the universe and our place in its midst. See into- https://shahidurrahmansikder.wordpress.com/ New Discovery of the Universe: can be found at http://lnkd.in/Sn6wPK Philosophy of Science, See Universe, My DEMO Final https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYcnbwUKUEM

Big Bang:
At the time of the beginning of the creation or from the absolute zero of time or from the big black hole a part of the power of the nature became divisible as a result of the big bang. The part of energy had been divided in the beginning of creation from the large field of energy, which is below 50% of total energy. In the most of natural power reserved in big black hole from which, the world of gravitation become influenced. See at https://shahidurrahmansikder.wordpress.com/2010/05/26/big-bang/ See Universe, My DEMO Final https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYcnbwUKUEM

Anyway it's not expanding into anything, a better word is stretching :-D

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