Image of the Day: "I Was Here" --An Unknown Story 30,000 Years Old
Is Our Universe Fine-Tuned for Life? --"Protosuns Found Teeming with Prebiotic Molecules"

Dark Matter --"Is a Parallel Universe That Could Harbor Rich Physics and Complex Behavior"





This is an approximately real-color image from the Hubble Space Telescope, of galaxy cluster Abell 3827. The galaxy cluster is made of hundreds of yellowish galaxies. At its core, four giant galaxies are smashing into each other. As the topmost of the four galaxies fell in, it left its dark matter trailing behind. The dark matter is invisible in this image, but its position is revealed by tell-tale gravitational lensing of an unrelated spiral galaxy behind the cluster, whose distorted image is seen as a blue arc. Trailing dark matter is predicted by theories in which dark matter is not perfectly dark, but feels more of the fundamental forces than just gravity.

Astronomers believe they might have observed the first potential signs of dark matter interacting with a force other than gravity. An international team of scientists, led by researchers at Durham University, UK, made the discovery using the Hubble Space Telescope and the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope to view the simultaneous collision of four distant galaxies at the centre of a galaxy cluster 1.3 billion light years away from Earth.

Writing in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society today (Wednesday, April 15, 2015), the researchers said one dark matter clump appeared to be lagging behind the galaxy it surrounds. They said the clump was currently offset from its galaxy by 5,000 light years (50,000 million million km) - a distance it would take NASA's Voyager spacecraft 90 million years to travel. Such an offset is predicted during collisions if dark matter interacts, even very slightly, with forces other than gravity.

Computer simulations show that the extra friction from the collision would make the dark matter slow down, and eventually lag behind.

Scientists believe that all galaxies exist inside clumps of dark matter - called "dark" because it is thought to interact only with gravity, therefore making it invisible. Nobody knows what dark matter is, but it is believed to make up about 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. Without the constraining effect of its extra gravity, galaxies like our Milky Way would fling themselves apart as they spin.

In the latest study, the researchers were able to "see" the dark matter clump because of the distorting effect its mass has on the light from background galaxies - a technique called gravitational lensing.

The researchers added that their finding potentially rules out the standard theory of Cold Dark Matter, where dark matter interacts only with gravity.

"We used to think that dark matter sits around, minding its own business," said Richard Massey, Royal Society Research Fellow, in Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology. "But if it slowed down during this collision, this could be the first dynamical evidence that dark matter notices the world around it. "Dark matter may not be completely 'dark' after all."

The researchers note that while they appear to have observed the offsetting of dark matter, more investigation will be needed into other potential effects that could also produce a lag between the dark matter and the galaxy it hosts. Similar observations of more galaxies and computer simulations of galaxy collisions are under way to confirm the interpretation.

"Our observation suggests that dark matter might be able to interact with more forces than just gravity," said Team member Professor Liliya Williams, of the University of Minnesota. "The parallel Universe going on around us has just got interesting. The dark sector could contain rich physics and potentially complex behaviour."

Last month (March 2015), Dr Massey and colleagues published observations showing that dark matter interacted very little during 72 collisions between galaxy clusters (each containing up to 1,000 galaxies).

Today's latest research concerns the motion of individual galaxies. Researchers say that the collision between these galaxies could have lasted longer than the collisions observed in the previous study - allowing even a small frictional force to build up over time. The main uncertainty in the result is the timespan for the collision: the friction that slowed the dark matter could have been a very weak force over acting over about a billion years, or a relatively stronger force acting for "only" 100 million years.

Taken together, the two results bracket the behaviour of dark matter for the first time. Dark matter interacts more than this, but less than that. Dr Massey added: "We are finally homing in dark matter from above and below - squeezing our knowledge from two directions.

"Dark matter, we're coming for you."

The Daily Galaxy via Durham University

Image credit: Dr. Richard Massey, Durham University


This is the exact same article as this one "Dark Matter Phenomena of an Unknown Nature are Occuring" --The European Space Organziation. with a different heading........

There are two main misconceptions about dark matter. One is that dark matter is a clump of stuff traveling with the matter. The other is that matter does not interact with dark matter.

Dark matter fills 'empty' space. Dark matter is displaced by matter.

The Milky Way moves through and displaces the dark matter.

The Milky Way's halo is the state of displacement of the dark matter.

The state of displacement of the dark matter is otherwise known as curved spacetime.

The Milky Way's halo *is* curved spacetime.

In the theory of “pointal charges”, I describe in my book «From the inside of quarks and up to beyond the Universe», chapter 7, section “The Cosmos in its actual form, according to the theory of pointal charges” analyze a theoretical analogous case. If someone is really interested in further study of this issue I am available for any additional information. Let contact me at the e-mail:

In the theory of “pointal charges”, I describe in my book «From the inside of quarks and up to beyond the Universe», chapter 7, section “The Cosmos in its actual form, according to the theory of pointal charges” analyze a theoretical analogous case. If someone is really interested in further study of this issue I am available for any additional information. Let contact me at the e-mail:

If the universe consits of 85% dark matter I would like to know how the estimated percentage was obtained and also is it always the case to assume that an observation in space that leads to results which are not normal(defying the laws of physics) it is as a result of dark matter or dark energy?(15382258)

Isaac, they have to come up with some "fancy term" for things they don't understand and then say how something that doesn't exist reacts with other things they don't understand. Some of it makes sense but most of it's really nonsense.

Dark matter is related to Chaos Theory. Simply put, it is an unknown factor that is annoying scientists by screwing with their mathematical formulas. Scientists feel safe with their math formulas. Math formulas work with almost any and all scientific matters from the atomic level to beyond our solar system. Get to galactic level and beyond? The math formulas don't work. So what are we humans to do? Admit our shortcomings as tiny sentient beings that have known of the cosmos for barely a generation? Of course not. We arrogantly try to force a square peg into a round hole by making sh#@ up and reaching for things that aren't there to make the current scientific establishment look good. This is also known as an inference.

We live in a universe full of wonder, though you'd never know it by listening to 'modern' day science. According to them, we have it all figured out. It's only a matter of time until that pesky dark matter fits into that round hole (I.e. we somehow force the so-called dark matter to abide by our relatively primitive mathematics).

The only thing dark about dark matter is that it has been and will continue to lead us into a dark age of science. Science is about knowing, not inference. As with many subjects within astronomy and cosmology, we will have to settle for simply not knowing for the foreseeable future. I'm fine with that. It motivates me to wonder. And if the scientific community were okay with wonder, we just might do better at recruiting young and brilliant people to the cause.

I see little wonder in the status quo. I see arrogance and scientists that refuse to admit they've been stumped. Instead, they claim to know more than they do all in the name of scientific grants. Until we return to the wonders of it all, science disciplines beyond the atmosphere of our small planet will continue to mislead us in the name of individual or organizational success.

To pretend dark matter will eventually surrender to us and abide by the mathematical restraints we've given the universe, will only delay our progress.

The Daily Galaxy peaked my interest by including the parallel universe angle for dark matter. I doubt I was the only one that was disappointed when there was no substance whatsoever regarding the multi-verse angle on a subject that is stale and getting us nowhere scientifically. And it won't unless there is a revolution of thought in this area.

Astronomers: stop pretending to know everything! Give us the facts. If we don't know, we don't know. The worst that can happen is that we will motivate young brilliant minds to find the real truth, not the inferences upon other inferences. The longer we go with this nonsense, the more difficult it will be for the future brilliant mind that has the real answer to be accepted among the indoctrinated sheeple that have mislead us all in the name of money and prestige among your peers.

To close, I ask the public this question. Can one be granted an advanced degree in cosmology by going against the doctrine of dark matter? I suspect there are a few institutions that would not advance a student with this point of view. And for what? An inference, not fact. There is something very wrong with this situation.

It seems that good astronomers know only good astronomy. Good physicists know only good physics. And good mathematicians know only good mathematics.
But, cosmology needs scientists who know all three, even less. This is not the case today.
I also think that this is why things in cosmology have become upside down.
I also think that these scientists must to leave their suspicions and listen, even for a moment, scientists know less but know all three above.


“Since 1954, when this passage was written, I have come to support wholeheartedly an hypothesis proposed by Bohm and Vigier. According to this hypothesis, the random perturbations to which the particle would be constantly subjected, and which would have the probability of presence in terms of [the wave-function wave], arise from the interaction of the particle with a “subquantic medium” which escapes our observation and is entirely chaotic, and which is everywhere present in what we call “empty space”.”

The “subquantic medium” is the dark matter.

‘Fluid mechanics suggests alternative to quantum orthodoxy’

“The fluidic pilot-wave system is also chaotic. It’s impossible to measure a bouncing droplet’s position accurately enough to predict its trajectory very far into the future. But in a recent series of papers, Bush, MIT professor of applied mathematics Ruben Rosales, and graduate students Anand Oza and Dan Harris applied their pilot-wave theory to show how chaotic pilot-wave dynamics leads to the quantumlike statistics observed in their experiments.”

A “fluidic pilot-wave system” is the dark matter.

‘When Fluid Dynamics Mimic Quantum Mechanics’

“If you have a system that is deterministic and is what we call in the business ‘chaotic,’ or sensitive to initial conditions, sensitive to perturbations, then it can behave probabilistically,” Milewski continues. “Experiments like this weren’t available to the giants of quantum mechanics. They also didn’t know anything about chaos. Suppose these guys — who were puzzled by why the world behaves in this strange probabilistic way — actually had access to experiments like this and had the knowledge of chaos, would they have come up with an equivalent, deterministic theory of quantum mechanics, which is not the current one? That’s what I find exciting from the quantum perspective.”

What waves in a double slit experiment is the dark matter.

If 'dark' matter is the phenomenon of space-time curvature (a collisional shock wave with the multiverse), shouldn't there be fine-structure to so-called gravitational lensing images (halos)? What kind of instrumentation might e required to 'see' such fine-structure? Maybe in the far. far x-ray region? Neutrino interferometry?

‘Empty’ space has mass. Spacetime has mass.

The Milky Way moves through and curves spacetime.

The Milky Way moves through and displaces the dark matter.

The Milky Way’s halo is the state of displacement of the dark matter.

The Milky Way’s halo *is* curved spacetime.

Comment. 'Dark' matter might not be another universe peaking into 'our' universe (an anthropocentric POV), rather we might be one individual interloper into the 'dark' matter multiverse. (Both POVs should be symmetrical, although it would not be shocking to discover that parity is not preserved). This might explain the puzzling (inverted) percentage weights of dark matter (85%) vs 'normal' matter that we estimate, our sector of the contact region. Also, consider two possibilities for the nature of the multiverse: (1) we are intruders into a 'smooth' multiverse whereby the impact shock wave energy, or space-time distortion (known to us as 'gravity'?), is equally partitioned over all multiverses (plus all multiverses are of equal energy), i.e, our 'gravity' is uniform, Newtonian and non-quantized (as a reduced statistic over degenerate energy states); or (2) 'we' intrude into a non-smooth ('speckled'), multiverse characterized by a 'distributed' (probabilistic) collision energetic with real fine structure -wherein dark matter 'particles' (Planck scale distortions in our universe, i.e., gravitons) are differentiated by energy and other distributed features leading to the expectation of a kind of 'Grand Standard Model' (perhaps of infinite variables tho with expansionist reducibility) applying to the multiverse as a whole. Re case (2), in our collision with a non-smooth multiverse, gravity (collisional energetics) would be quantized and non-Newtonian - there would be a graviton fine structure leading to gravitational interferometry (Dicke) and other wave mechanical features but with quantum underpinnings at high energies found only in black holes. Maybe neutrinos are a fundamental cross-boundary, multiverse-wide particle set , with their own energy distribution we as yet haven't been able to investigate until we develop higher energy instruments or are able to look into black holes.

You're making this much more complicated than it is.

Spacetime has mass.

Matter moves through and curves spacetime.

Matter moves through and displaces the dark matter.

The state of displacement of the dark matter *is* curved spacetime.

The submarine moves through and displaces the water.

The Milky Way moves through and displaces the dark matter.

The Milky Way moves through and curves spacetime.

Curved spacetime = Displaced dark matter

Hahahaha oh my god the craziness that people post on these articles... well, might as well add my own rather than acknowledge ANY of yours:

If dark matter is held to only interact gravitationally, then why doesn't it all collapse in on itself? What prevents dark matter from violating the Pauli Exclusion principle? Merely the gravity of observable mass that we know is acted upon by 4 forces? Seems obvious to me that if it is indeed a substance (and not merely something weird like space-time echoes of the fundamental force fields, etc.) it interacts with more than one force given that we seem to have observed large fields of it.

Is Dark Matter a manifestation of a multiverse governed by Transactional Quantum Mechanics? (e.g. John Cramer - Reviews of Modern Physics 58, 647-688, July (1986) ). Because each universe will have a separate singularity in space-time for its origin, the advanced and retarded waves originating from different universes cannot collapse the state vector since they cannot overlap over all space-time. For example, light cannot be exchanged between matter in different universes. However, gravity will warp space-time and matter from one universe can influence matter from a different universe and have the appearance as a force from matter that does not exchange photons. Will this explain Dark Matter?

The prefered state of the Universe, is to be empty, because virtual particles demand less energy and allow a higher level of Universal homogeneity.

Matter is an anomaly of space itself.

By studying the Higgs field energy graph, we can extrapolate that graph to a "wilczekian grid field of everything", all other fields are it's (higher) harmonics.

Most stable matter occured during the Big Bang, due to humongous amounts of energy.

Dark Matter, sucks energy from the matter inside a galaxy, it is a Hawking radiation extrapolation [100% same types].

While dark matter sucks energy [or innate time flow (same thing) of the particles of the dark matter region] from a Galaxy, it (dark energy) tries - due to entropy -

to restore Universal homogeneity, during that (dark matter) process though, "hot spots" of less entropy do exist, because gravitational groups tend to prefer "entropic order".

"Entropic order" means "homogeneity prevails" but not immediately. The gravitational group seems to hold tight, but as an exchange loses energy in the form of "innate flow of time".

If we study and the extrapolate the "Einsteinian elevator experiment", we know that "1. innate flow of time, 2. size of a particle, 3. external speed, 4. mass-gravitational attraction" are interlinked.

Inside "dark matter" regions, the "innate flow of time" leaks in order the system maintains a meretricious/superficial order.\
Dark matter sucks energy from a gravitational system, and delivers that energy to empty, dark energy regions.

Dark matter is dark energy inverted.

Both dark matter and dark energy are properties of space - of the "space field" - of the "wilczekian field of everything".

The "grid" graph includes all other force fields as it's (upper) harmonics, and it prefers "dark energy".

Dark Matter, is an entropic method of pseudo-order [order in a system due to energy leakage - Hawking radiation] to achieve Dark Energy.

Hawking radiation is also the path to explain the probabilistic phenomenon of "inner flow of time leakage among parts of a system to achieve homogeneity" also known as gravity,
but we have to apply a Hawking radiation form of calculus to measure it's effects.

Dark Energy in that "grid" graph is a prefered state - a more stable trough on the graph.

Dark Energy expands, becomes more of it.

Dark Matter is a method to extract energy from the anomaly called "matter/standard particles/non virtual particles" and allow Dark Energy prevail.

The Universe is expanding faster than the speed of light, but relativistically - if we compare afar galaxies and regions.

Big Rip will occur when each point alone will expand faster than the speed of light, and that will happen for sure,

for it's a foundamantal urge of the "space field" we call space.

Durung Big Rip, the energies will be so high that a new Big Bang will occur.

Common people claim that space is empty.

Scientists know that space itself is a chromodynamic field, a place that dwell virtual particles,

and if force is exerted on it [we know it from CERN and other experiments and astronomical observations] new particles are created.

Mathematically Big Rip will cause a Big Bang.

Mathematically only Big Rip can occure, because of the nature of "space" itself - also known as the "space field".

So many people think in terms of one dimension. It's an entire dark universe which has it's own laws of physics - space is weak, gravity is weak, wormless are common, and time appear to be the same, although some would argue that empty space, if there is such a thing, would have an anti-gravity effect. Different forms of dark matter and dark energy can occupy the same physical space and you don't need to look any further than inside your own body for a wide range of dark flora that is essential for the energy needed to come up with all the half baked ideas I'm reading here.

beam me up , Scottie!
"Through time and space with distance erased, I can still see your face"
I believe dark matter has attached to me or i generate it .
Let's explore the Phenom of abell girl who was struck by lightening at the age 8 through a plexiglass window?!?!!?

I feel that we will eventually see that dark matter and energy is our interaction with other universes. The interaction with our universe will be expressed as a combination of two ratios.

For interaction with our universe, interaction of standard matter is 1. Based on the "proximity" of the parallel universe it will have a fraction of interaction with our universe.
The second ratio will be the mass of the matter in the parallel universe-- allowing it to "press" in to and interact somewhat with our universe independent to it's "proximity" to our universe. Again, standard gravity is 1 and the ratio of gravitational interaction will be a fraction of this.

A function of these two ratios will explain the effects seen.

1. dark matter gravitational lensing
2. regions of the universe expanding faster towards unknown areas than others
3. two standard galaxies collide but the dark matter does not interact with itself-- standard galaxies A and B exist in plane 1. dark matter interacting with galaxy A is in plane 2. dark matter interacting with galaxy B is in plane 3. As A and B collide they have a some small effect on plane 2 and 3 but plane 2 and 3 have even less effect on each other leading the dark matter to appear to pass through each other without interacting.

Just my thoughts.

Composite Dark Matter "transparent matter" is almost a certainty, but it’s hard to say how long it will take science to fully realize that. The result is a pseudo or shadow 5th dimension, but that doesn't preclude other types of dark matter or even up to 11 dimensions of dark matter at different quantum phases and interactions with our reality, most noticeable with gravity. Laboratory tests have demonstrated quantum gases at sub-absolute zero temperatures result in a negative gravity, so composite dark matter gases could easily explain dark energy too. I've written several papers on this, some are available online, others are available in a collection of papers called the "Grand Unification of Dark Matters: The Dark Universe Revealed" at Amazon:

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