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Our Holographic Universe --A New Theory of Space-Time (2013 Most Popular)

 

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have taken a significant step in a project to unravel the secrets of the structure of our Universe. One of the main recent advances in theoretical physics is the holographic principle. According to this idea, our Universe may be thought of as a hologram and we would like to understand how to formulate the laws of physics for such a holographic Universe.

A paper released June 2013 by Professor Skenderis and Dr Marco Caldarelli from the University of Southampton, Dr Joan Camps from the University of Cambridge and Dr Blaise Goutéraux from the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics, Sweden published in Physical Review D, makes connections between negatively curved space-time and flat space-time.

The paper AdS/Ricci-flat correspondence and the Gregory-Laflamme instability specifically explains what is known as the Gregory Laflamme instability, where certain types of black holes break up into smaller black holes when disturbed – rather like a thin stream of water breaking into little droplets when you touch it with your finger. This black hole phenomenon has previously been shown to exist through computer simulations and this work provides a deeper theoretical explanation.

Space-time is usually understood to describe space existing in three dimensions, with time playing the role of a fourth dimension and all four coming together to form a continuum, or a state in which the four elements can't be distinguished from each other.

Flat space-time and negative space-time describe an environment in which the Universe is non-compact, with space extending infinitely, forever in time, in any direction. The gravitational forces, such as the ones produced by a star, are best described by flat-space time. Negatively curved space-time describes a Universe filled with negative vacuum energy. The mathematics of holography is best understood for negatively curved space-times.

Professor Skenderis has developed a mathematic model which finds striking similarities between flat space-time and negatively curved space-time, with the latter however formulated in a negative number of dimensions, beyond our realm of physical perception.

"According to holography, at a fundamental level the universe has one less dimension than we perceive in everyday life and is governed by laws similar to electromagnetism," says Skenderis. "The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card, but now it is the entire Universe that is encoded in such a fashion.

"Our research is ongoing, and we hope to find more connections between flat space-time, negatively curved space-time and holography. Traditional theories about how the Universe operates go some way individually to describing its very nature, but each fall short in different areas. It is our ultimate goal to find a new combined understanding of the Universe, which works across the board."

In October 2012, Professor Skenderis was named among 20 other prominent scientists around the world to receive an award from the New Frontiers in Astronomy and Cosmology international grant competition. He received $175,000 to explore the question, 'Was there a beginning of time and space?"

The Daily Galaxy via University of Southampton

Image credit: MIT

Comments

WOW VERY INTERESTING SPACE SCIENCE!!!!

I certainly am no theoretical scientist, but this whole discussion reminds me of the illustration of existence one professor gave to a class.
A creature is only able to perceive two dimensions. Therefore all the mathematical theories to explain this creature’s universe describe two dimensions.
If for some reason that creature were to exist on a Mobius strip of massive size, and that creature were to travel along that strip it would eventually arrive back at the point of origin. However, by completing that trip the creature has traveled through three dimensions, all the while only experiencing two dimensions.
Would this creature even be aware that it has travelled through three dimensions? And if for some reason it did, how could it explain that experience?

I'm getting a headache again!

The creature could indirectly measure the third dimension using a closed travel loop and accurate measurement, so quantum mechanics would limit the smallness of the loop needed. But also the hologram could in reality be 3D, while just looking 2D within the limits of measurement. So all this proves is some dimensional aspect can be distributed as a Frenzel pattern.

Gravity providing surface tension? Not so much a surprise, more just a proven formality.

Simon - interesting - gravity providing surface tension to the hologram. As usual the more we learn, the more we realize what we don't know. Hopefully we don't slide back into the Middle Ages where people thought that all of reality could be contained in books on one shelf.

This is so amazing I read a book about it and these two professors where saying they believe the holographic goes into medicine paranormal every where. What does it say about us as people living in these conditions?

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