"Beyond the Higgs Boson" --World's Physicists Search for Hidden Dimensions of Space and Time
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August 09, 2013

"Beyond the Higgs Boson" --World's Physicists Search for Hidden Dimensions of Space and Time


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Despite the discovery of the existence of the Higgs Boson on July 4, 2012 at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, puzzling questions about the nature of the universe remain unanswered. For example, the essential properties of neutrinos are still a mystery. And dark matter and dark energy, which together constitute 95 percent of the universe, are today still astonishing enigmas. The Higgs particle is unlike any other particle we have ever encountered. Why is it different? Are there more?Neutrinos are very light, elusive particles that change their identity as they travel. How do they fit into our understanding of nature? Are there new hidden dimensions of space and time? Known particles constitute 1/6 of all the matter in the universe. The rest we call dark matter. But what is it? Can we detect these particles in our labs? Are there other undiscovered particles in nature? There are four known forces in nature. Are these manifestations of a single unified force? Are there unexpected new forces? Both matter and anti-matter were produced in the Big Bang, but today our world is composed only of matter. Why? Why is the expansion of the universe accelerating?

Scientists debated those and other questions July 28-Aug. 6 at the University of Minnesota during the 2013 Snowmass Community Summer Study, the capstone in a series of meetings held last year. They wrapped up their work by identifying the most exciting and vital questions facing particle physics and by providing a 20-year outlook for the investigative work needed to address them. The final report of the Summer Study, to be published this fall, will detail the scientific importance of each question and the scientific instruments required to probe them.

"There's a great deal of energy and a host of ideas in the field of particle physics," said Jonathan Rosner, chair of the American Physical Society's Division of Particles and Fields. "In the last 12 months, we've discovered the Higgs boson and made important discoveries about the behavior of neutrinos. It's clear that there is much more to discover. We understand less than 5 percent of the matter and energy in our universe. What experiments can help expand our knowledge in the next 20 years?"

Significantly, the final report of the Summer Study will reflect the ideas of the next generation of scientists who will become the stewards of particle physics. It will include the results of a survey of graduate students, postdoctoral researchers and young staff scientists in the field.

"The Snowmass process is about planning the next generation of experiments, many of which have decade-long lead times," said Jonathan Asaadi, a researcher at Syracuse University. "Decisions made today will shape the careers of the young scientists who will run these experiments many years from now."

The ghostly blue clouds in the center of the Abell 1689 galaxy cluster above show where astronomers think dark matter is hiding. Abell 1689 is home to about 1,000 galaxies and trillions of stars. Both the visible galaxies and dark matter add to the gravitational pull in a cluster. These gravitational forces act like a lens, and when light passes through a cluster like Abell 1689, it bends. (Think of how light changes when it passes through an empty glass or a pool of water.)

The Daily Galaxy via American Physical Society

Comments

Dark energy and Dark matter may have been around before big bang as the remnants of a previous universe. Thoughts?

For me, a simplified view is that the universe sits in a soup of, say, exotic stuff, that we will never be able to grasp fully what it is. It is what is, and has set the path for our universe. It will evolve according to some preset rules.

For me when looking at images of the universe where galaxies have like "arms" of material path ways between them, it feels like it's all a sticky and messy soup of stuff that clump together according to some incredible simple rule... let's call it gravity. Eventually it forces things to interact, creating more advanced stuff on the way.

Since we exist, there is an underlaying meaning or cause that says things should work as they should and lead to what we see, galaxies, stars, planets, life etc.

Something makes it possible (hey, I don't belive in a "God"), and as many scientists have stated, I also believe the universe have failed many times at being productive. Or that we are one out of many different "reactions" to a grand soup of unknown origin. We are in that way living in our "dimension" not having a clue of the grand picture as we simple don't get enough clues to understand it from our viewpoint.

For me, a simplified view is that the universe sits in a soup of, say, exotic stuff, that we will never be able to grasp fully what it is. It is what is, and has set the path for our universe. It will evolve according to some preset rules.

For me when looking at images of the universe where galaxies have like "arms" of material path ways between them, it feels like it's all a sticky and messy soup of stuff that clump together according to some incredible simple rule... let's call it gravity. Eventually it forces things to interact, creating more advanced stuff on the way.

Since we exist, there is an underlaying meaning or cause that says things should work as they should and lead to what we see, galaxies, stars, planets, life etc.

Something makes it possible (hey, I don't belive in a "God"), and as many scientists have stated, I also believe the universe have failed many times at being productive. Or that we are one out of many different "reactions" to a grand soup of unknown origin. We are in that way living in our "dimension" not having a clue of the grand picture as we simple don't get enough clues to understand it from our viewpoint.

If Dark Matter and Dark Energy make up 95% of the universe; where is it? Would not our solar system be make up of this stuff, and we would not have to be looking for it out there some where? We are still in the early stages of the scientific age of humanity, and we do have a long way to go, If we look back at where humanity was two thousand years ago, we would realize how far we have come. If we can project into the possible future of two thousand years from now; we don't have a clue where we will be two thousand years from today. Our understanding of the time, space and matter is being challenged everyday, and many things. we thought we knew as fact will fall to the wayside of history; we will wake to a new age and a higher state of conscientiousness for humanity. Qualitative change and quantitative change equals a quantum change is existence.

Johnny,
How stupid can you be?
You don't say where this soup come from, but YOU DID SAY that you don't believe in a God?
If there is no explanation for "your soup", then the rest of what you opined has no value whatsoever !!
That's parrot talk, to say the least !!

LOL, so if something has no explaination, then it's the work of some God? Which one? There are several claimed Gods on earth... Which God claims to make the best soup?

Anyway. Your post is so typical of religious depraved people. Easy way out. If you don't understand, then it's God!!! yeah, *high five*

You're so cool! I do not believe I've read through something like that before. So nice to find somebody with a few unique thoughts on this issue. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This site is something that is required on the web, someone with some originality!

You can sit back and rest, experiencing the event and experiencing the free of charge drink bar that is usually offered.

Finally, I somehow complete the material on Breasts Melanoma, such as mostly of my ideas and my viewpoint about it with very little or no information at all.

The House of Representatives of the US government unanimously passed a bill in 2010 to award Yunus the Congressional Gold Medal.


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