High-contrast imaging observations have confirmed the first extrasolar planet discovered in a quadruple star system. The images (bottom of page) revealed that the system involved two sets of binary stars, according to Justin Crepp, Freimann Assistant Professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame.
"We can't see the planet directly, but Kepler can see unambiguous indications that it exists," he says. One of the stars in the binary system is slightly more massive than the sun, one slightly less. They orbit each other once every 20 days, and the planet orbits them once every 137 days. Crepp's high-contrast image, taken with a telescope in Hawaii, showed a second binary star nearby.
Crepp's research focuses on imaging extrasolar planets, with the ultimate goal of finding an Earth-like planet in the habitable zone around a star. Such planets are 10 billion times fainter than stars, while Jupiter-like planets are one million times fainter. Crepp also works on creating improved instruments for such research, including one in process for the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) in Arizona. Crepp's work would provide precision infrared Doppler shift measurements to the LBT, an international consortium in which Notre Dame is a partner.
Crepp is a co-author on a paper about the discovery, "Planet Hunters: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet in a Quadruple Star System," recently posted to the open-access arXiv.org, and submitted for publication to The Astrophysical Journal.
For more information: arxiv.org/abs/1210.3612 Journal reference: Astrophysical Journal
The Daily Galaxy via University of Notre Dame
Image credit top of page: Contact Space Travel