Hyper-Velocity Planets Powered by Black Holes Hit Speeds Matched Only by SubAtomic Particles
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October 04, 2012

Hyper-Velocity Planets Powered by Black Holes Hit Speeds Matched Only by SubAtomic Particles

 

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Research released earlier this year has found that hypervelocity planets may be flung to the outer reaches of the galaxy by black holes at speeds matched only by subatomic particles, traveling at 1.5 to 30 million miles per hour.

The finding builds on previous work on hypervelocity stars, which appear when a binary star system — two stars orbiting a central point — enter the gravitational well of a black hole, similar to the one at the center of our Milky Way galaxy. The black hole tears the stars apart, sending one of the stars hurtling from the galaxy at very high speeds while the other remains within the gravitational field of the black hole. Harvard's Avi Loeb, chair of the Harvard astronomy department, surmised that such planets could be seen through a telescope as “transits,” or traces, as they crossed a star’s light. He subsequently launched his collaboration with Dartmouth's Ginsburg to examine the possibility of such planets’ existence.

“Once we realized that, it was clear to me that we could make a paper out of this,” Loeb said.Ginsburg and Loeb continued their collaborative research following Ginsburg’s move to Dartmouth to continue his studies. They developed computer simulations to explore the existence of hypervelocity planets, using facilities at both institutions, according to Ginsburg.

The simulations placed the planets orbiting the binary stars in a binary planet system. When subjected to the same pressures that form hypervelocity stars, the models revealed that the planets would be similarly ejected at high speeds, Ginsburg said.

The planets would travel toward the outer reaches of the galaxy and beyond at 1.5 to four times the speed of hypervelocity stars, potentially making them the fastest moving objects other than subatomic particles.

Hypervelocity stars are rarely seen due to technological limitations, but observing a planet orbiting a hypervelocity star would “say a lot about having planet formation” around the center of a galaxy, Ginsburg said, describing this possibility as “the cutting edge of knowledge.”

The image at top of the page by the Hubble Space Telescope shows the active galactic nucleus of the Circinus Galaxy, where matter glows brightly before likely spiraling into a massive black hole. Although only 15 million light years distant, the Circinus Galaxy went unnoticed until 25 years ago because it is so obscured by material in the plane of the Milky Way.

The Daily Galaxy via Dartmouth.edu

Image at top of page: NGC 6240. Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/MIT/ C.Canizares, M.Nowak; Optical: NASA/STScI

Comments

I guess if you lived on a hypervelocity planet, you would live a long time...
maybe forever?

The contents in this article contradict the hypothesis of "dark matter" that supposedly holds stars and their planets steadily in their orbits around the Milky Way centre.

- On the other hand it confirms that stars “seemingly moves around in all directions” in the galactic electromagnetic circuit, which is very logical since everything moves inside a 3D cell-like sphere while the observations are based on the 2D flat perspective.

Such a scenario creates several kinds of scientific illusions when looked upon from a 2D view.

In a 3D spherical fluent circuit of stars, some stars are moving away from a centre and some towards the centre, everything directed by the electromagnetic circuit, completely ignoring the “humanized laws of gravity”.

A planet going at that speed, 30 Million miles per hour. That's more than 8 thousand miles per second. The planet would cover the distance from the moon to Earth in less than thirty seconds. If it was coming our way there would be practically no warning, by the timme you see it, it would be too late. It makes Global warming seem like a walk in a park having an ice cream. The earth would be turned into a lump of melted rock. There is nothing we could do about that one.

Two things:
This sounds like a restatement of the particle pair spontaneous appearance on the lip of a black hole that leads to the consumption of one and the spurning of the other (who knows what happens to it?) and the production of Hawking radiation (yet to be seen.)
This also sounds like Einsteinian 'action at a distance' where energy produced at the galactic center is ejected at such phenomenal speeds it is untraceable in its path to the galactic rim leading to matter from mass.

What percentage of the speed of light is this?

Planets traveling at 30 million miles per hour would not be planets, they would be mass/energy and only appear as matter when the velocity dropped. It would appear as an example of 'action at a distance.'
It would seem much simpler to me to call this a jetting action produced by our flagging SMBH.

As we now at 2012 have a gas cloud nearing the galactic center we will be able to see if the gas is absorbed, Additionally, the small energy center in the cloud is now identified as a black hole so we will see if the energy merges. This may create a pressure wave which is not a gravity wave.


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