Two laboratories working at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) had jointly announced on July 4 they had detected a new fundamental particle in experiments at the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva. The discovery has been hailed as one of the biggest scientific achievements ever. The teams, from labs called Atlas and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), on Monday each published their findings in the European journal Physics Letters B.
"The discovery reported in these papers is a momentous step forward in fundamental knowledge," said Atlas spokeswoman Fabiola Gianotti. "It is the culmination of more than 20 years of effort of the worldwide high-energy physics community to build and operate instruments of unprecedented technology, complexity and performance."
More than 5,000 researchers worldwide took part in the long quest, and both papers are dedicated to the memory of colleagues who had died. Physics Letters B was where British physicist Peter Higgs first published a letter, "Broken symmetries, massless particles and gauge fields," that sparked the hunt for the boson. His name is attached to the particle, but two other groups of theoreticians can also claim to have made major contributions. * Journal reference: Physics Letters B.
The Daily Galaxy via AFP and www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0370269312001852