A superwind, such as the one in stunning spiral galaxy NGC 3079 originates in the center of the galaxy, either from activity generated by a central supermassive black hole, or by a burst of supernova activity. Superwinds are thought to play a key role in the evolution of galaxies by regulating the formation of new stars, and by dispersing heavy elements to the outer parts of the galaxy and beyond. These latest Chandra data indicate that astronomers may be seriously underestimating the mass lost in superwinds and therefore their influence within and around the host galaxy.
Read entire caption/view more images: chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2003/ngc3079/
Image credit: NASA/CXC/STScI/U.North Carolina/G.Cecil