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"Dark energy is a fiction --The appearance of acceleration is caused by time itself gradually slowing down" (Today's Most Popular)

6a00d8341bf7f753ef013487b465d5970c-500wi Remember a little thing called the space-time continuum? Well what if the time part of the equation was literally running out? New evidence is suggesting that time is slowly disappearing from our universe, and will one day vanish completely. This radical theory may explain a cosmological mystery that has baffled scientists for years.

Scientists previously have measured the light from distant exploding stars to show that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. They assumed that these supernovae are spreading apart faster as the universe ages. Physicists also assumed that a kind of anti-gravitational force must be driving the galaxies apart, and started to call this unidentified force "dark energy".

The idea that time itself could cease to be in billions of years - and everything will grind to a halt - has been proposed by Professor José Senovilla, Marc Mars and Raül Vera of the University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, and University of Salamanca, Spain. The corollary to this radical end to time itself is an alternative explanation for "dark energy" - the mysterious antigravitational force that has been suggested to explain a cosmic phenomenon that has baffled scientists.

However, to this day no one actually knows what dark energy is, or where it comes from. Professor Senovilla, and colleagues have proposed a mind-bending alternative. They propose that there is no such thing as dark energy at all, and we’re looking at things backwards. Senovilla proposes that we have been fooled into thinking the expansion of the universe is accelerating, when in reality, time itself is slowing down. At an everyday level, the change would not be perceptible. However, it would be obvious from cosmic scale measurements tracking the course of the universe over billions of years. The change would be infinitesimally slow from a human perspective, but in terms of the vast perspective of cosmology, the study of ancient light from suns that shone billions of years ago, it could easily be measured

The team's proposal, published in the journal Physical Review D, dismisses dark energy as fiction. Instead, Senovilla says, the appearance of acceleration is caused by time itself gradually slowing down, like a clock with a run-down battery.

“We do not say that the expansion of the universe itself is an illusion," he explains. "What we say it may be an illusion is the acceleration of this expansion - that is, the possibility that the expansion is, and has been, increasing its rate."

If time gradually slows "but we naively kept using our equations to derive the changes of the expansion with respect of 'a standard flow of time', then the simple models that we have constructed in our paper show that an "effective accelerated rate of the expansion" takes place."

Currently, astronomers are able to discern the expansion speed of the universe using the so-called "red shift" technique. This technique relies on the understanding that stars moving away appear redder in color than ones moving towards us. Scientists look for supernovae of certain types that provide a sort of benchmark. However, the accuracy of these measurements depends on time remaining invariable throughout the universe. If time is slowing down, according to this new theory, our solitary time dimension is slowly turning into a new space dimension. Therefore the far-distant, ancient stars seen by cosmologists would from our perspective, look as though they were accelerating.

"Our calculations show that we would think that the expansion of the universe is accelerating," says Prof Senovilla. The theory bases it’s idea on one particular variant of superstring theory, in which our universe is confined to the surface of a membrane, or brane, floating in a higher-dimensional space, known as the "bulk". In billions of years, time would cease to be time altogether.

"Then everything will be frozen, like a snapshot of one instant, forever," Senovilla told New Scientist magazine. "Our planet will be long gone by then."

Though radical and in many way unprecedented, these ideas are not without support. Gary Gibbons, a cosmologist at Cambridge University, says the concept has merit. "We believe that time emerged during the Big Bang, and if time can emerge, it can also disappear - that's just the reverse effect."

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Sounds quite weird - well, the Universe itself is, and the human mind will take eons to understand it, let alone predict its future.

That would help explain why, what we see as very distant objects appear old. Perhaps?

I have said before that time and the speed of light is tied to the expansion of the universe. It makes sense that if the expansion slows down then time would slow down as well......... making the universe appear to speed up!

what about the perception of time humans feel? for instance, as children an hour would last forever and you could do so much or wait impatiently. as adults that same hour flies by.

this is a timeless observation

"what about the perception of time humans feel?"
The perception of time would not factor in to this at all. If two atomic clocks measuring the frequency related to cesium decay are at opposite sides of the visible universe, the decay rate would be the same. Since we are observing the decay as happened eons ago, the frequency of the distant atom clock as observed would apear faster than our local clock, though currently they would be in sync, since the laws of physics don't change reletive to position.

I can't believe we actually paid people to come up with this absurd concept.

for instance, as children an hour would last forever and you could do so much or wait impatiently. as adults that same hour flies by.
I believe that has something to do with our metabolism

I wrote a thought experiment about this some time ago about this very thing.

Dark energy and dark matter are fiction. But I don't agree with the slowing down time idea. Maybe we still don't understand the nature of gravity.

Einstein proved long time ago that the universe is not expanding. booo-hooo. They identified the distance of stars and other object by measuring their emitted light spectrum. The more reddish color something something emits means the object is moving further away. However Einstein proved that gravity takes energy away from light (cannot change its speed because its absolute)thus spectrum. Which disproved the concept of an expanding universe.

ET Gamer said; Maybe we still don't understand the nature of gravity.
He slmost got it right......., it should be; Maybe we still don't understand the gravity of the situation!

À la recherche du temps perdu.

i also agree that there is something wrong with our understanding of the time part of space-time. and our universe is not behaving the way we currently perceive it to be.

Still firmly believe in "now" - there is only a now and always have been. Time is just an illusion driven by our circadian rhythms and the everyday schedules in our life; an illusion as powerful as crack cocaine. I see it as "space-inertia" instead of space-time. Now the inertial energy (or an entropy-effect) could be changing. After all, how do elemental particles run forever? What powers and supplies energy to these little suckers? Maybe the quantum foam is the energy source (or zero-point energy) with our reality laid over this foam, with individual foam-energy "leaks" creating particles in our reality. Maybe the foam is losing energy or our universe is slowly draining the energy in our local region. Just a layman's 2 cents.

interesting post raygunner.

That does make sense though. That the universe is already in the future and were just living descendants of its past to enjoy its levels of comprehension. That it is slowing down but yet mixing together.

In school I remember that a professor was explaining the red shift as the change in pitch of the horn on railroad engine as it approaches, passes and then moves away on the tracks. I thought to myself that the change in pitch is an illusion since we are stationary related to the locomotive.
I thought at the time the change in pitch relates only to the stationary person and the not engineer, inside the moving locomotive.
To one person the pitch is absolute, to another it is relative and a formula may be derived to explain, and therefore prove, both observations.
Are we one the train or on the side of the tracks, or both?
Is time a constant or a variable? I guess that depends on where you are standing. LOL
Therefore - is our assumption that the greater the red shift, the greather the speed and therefore the greater the distance valid?
The next few hundred years could be an interesting ride.


Cosmic movements is measured in the human time scala but the basiscal movements of creation changes eternally between contraction and expansion - and therefore "time" goes both ways when connected to cosmic movements.

- Our local part of the Universe is apparantly in an actual expansive movement in a larger electromagnetic circuit. Movements in such a circuit goes from within the centre and out in the magnetic field lines and back again and the local movement accelerate and decelerate in this circuit.

- Having such a circular point of view, all kind of dark this and that terms is not necessary in order to understand what is going on in our local part of the Universe - or in the Universe as such.

Good article! But referring to empirical criteria (redshift caused because the light gets “tired”) and forget the main point: the theory of relativity. The "theory" the big bang is based on field Einstein's Equation. What if such equations were not correct?
Dark matter and dark energy are the errors that occur when we look at the world through the theory of relativity. “Teoría conectada” is the only alternative connected four-dimensional general relativity:
Dark Matter:

Time does not exist! Nor does space.

Time (and space) are merely abstractions - temporal systems of measure that require an observer.

Time measures the distance between events, while space measures the distance between objects. It takes an intelligent creature to decide what is an object and what is an event, perceive them, and thus define them.

When two cars try and enter the same space at the same time - BOOM!

Or is all the inertia crushing bodies a mere perception from an observer?

"I can't believe we actually paid people to come up with this absurd concept."

You live (and work?) for the University of Salamanca in Spain? I can't believe you too the time to post this absurd comment.

NASA Galaxy Explorer confirmed that dark energy is a smooth uniform force that does not diminish or increase between galaxy pairs. Only between distant galaxies is there this dark energy illusion. The type 1a supernova suggested dark energy, but quark stars of strange matter, is gaining acceptance to replace neutron stars. The true hierarchy of the Universe, is not atom, star, galaxy , but quark, star, galaxy pair. The quark-gluon plasma is the fabric of the Universe STILL. The strong force binding quarks is analogous and represents fictional dark energy, because the force does not diminish with distance separating quarks or galaxy pairs. Please see my story and cosmology !

A Criterion Theory Perspective of the Universe

Sometimes solutions to paradoxes encountered in a field of reasoning originate from people outside of that field. This may be an important example of that not-so-rare phenomenon.

Near the beginning of his “The Theory of Everything” video, Stephen Hawking points out that when we look into the universe in any direction we see celestial objects (beyond our own solar system) with a slightly reddish tint “as if we are looking through a red tinted lens.” He interprets that to mean that all of the celestial objects that we can observe directly are “moving away from each other” and that the reddish tint is caused by a “Doppler effect” of light waves from objects that are moving away from us. Then he cites these observations as evidence supporting the “Big Bang Theory.” But near the end of his video, he shows examples of galaxies that are colliding with each other or in other ways interacting with each other. But that would be IMPOSSIBLE if all of the galaxies were “moving away from each other!” So maybe there never was a “Big Bang”, and maybe all of those celestial objects are NOT actually “moving away from each other.”

So what’s causing the “red tint?” Like Einstein, Hawking is using mathematical models which assume that the speed of light is “constant.” But we all know that when light passes through a prism, the “speed of light” gets altered so as to produce a rainbow spectrum of colors. But you might be thinking, “the speed of light is constant in a vacuum.” That may be so, but transparent portions of outer space are far less of a “vacuum” than most people think. We know from observations that light beams actually “bend” to some extent around heavy celestial objects which means that light rays actually retain some of their “mass” properties even when in the form of light (or energy). So when you consider the trillions of light rays (and other forms of travelling energy like gamma rays, travelling sub-atomic particles like muons, solar flare material, etc.) are continuously crisscrossing each other from every lighted object in the universe, there must actually be a considerable amount of “residual light mass” residing or passing through ALL of the “empty” space in our universe. And THAT is what is causing the “red tint” (over eons of time, the no-so-empty “outer space” is slowing down the light rays).

While I was earning my Masters Degree in Information and Computer Sciences at Georgia Tech (1969-1970), I developed a theory that I called “criterion theory” which states essentially that “All human thinking is a process of comparisons of the results (criterions) of previous comparisons (period).” And a corollary to that theory is that if one were to attempt to write a computer program to “simulate human thinking” but which places any restrictions on that theory (such as a mathematical assumption or premise), then that computer program will never be able to completely simulated human thinking, because humans can always dream up or encounter exceptions to ANY stated mathematical assumption or premise. I was hoping to actually write a “C” program to demonstrate the feasibility of this theory, but I soon realized that my PC didn’t even come close to having the computing capacity to make it work.

Anyhow, I believe that my criterion theory may be help scientists in your field to figure out how to solve the dilemma you are encountering with the inability of the General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics mathematical models to “explain everything.” Each of those models are based on assumptions or premises that are too restrictive to enable them to “explain everything.” In fact, whenever your models lead to a “singularity”, you must keep in mind that those “singularities” are features of your mathematical models and not necessarily of the realities that those models were designed to represent. A hundred years from now, so-called “black holes” may actually be viewed quite differently than then way they are generally viewed now.

I hope you will find these observations and analyses to be useful.

Christopher C. Currie
161 Lake Shore Drive
Pascoag, RI 02859

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