Gigantic New SuperOrganism with 'Social Intelligence' is Devouring the Titanic (Today's Most Popular)
Follow the Daily Galaxy
Add Daily Galaxy to igoogle page AddThis Feed Button Join The Daily Galaxy Group on Facebook Follow The Daily Galaxy Group on twitter
 

« Weekend Feature: NASA's New Search for Invisible Dimensions of the Universe | Main | From the 'X-Files' Dept: "Life May have had Multiple Origins in the Universe" »

April 17, 2011

Gigantic New SuperOrganism with 'Social Intelligence' is Devouring the Titanic (Today's Most Popular)

6a00d8341bf7f753ef014e87c82135970d-800wi
 
In 2000, Roy Cullimore, a microbial ecologist and Charles Pellegrino, scientist and author of Ghosts of the Titanic discovered that the Titanic --which sank in the Atlantic Ocean 97 years ago -- was being devoured by a monster microbial industrial complex of extremophiles as alien we might expect to find on Jupiter's ocean-bound Europa. What they discovered is the largest, strangest cooperative microorganism on Earth.

Scientists believe that this strange super-organism is using a common microbial language that could be either chemical or electrical -a phenomenon called "quorum sensing" by which whole communities "sense" each other's presence and activities aiding and abetting the organization, cooperation, and growth.

The microbes are consuming the wreck's metal, creating mats of rust bigger than a dozen four-story brownstones that are creeping slowly along the hull harvesting iron from the rivets and burrowing into layers of steel plating. The creatures also leave behind "rusticles," 30-foot icicle-like deposits of rust dangling from the sides of the ship's bow. Structurally, rusticles contain channels to allow water to flow through, and they seem to be built up in a ring structure similar to the growth rings of a tree. They are very delicate and can easily disintegrate into fine powder on even the slightest touch.

6a00d8341bf7f753ef01538dd4be7e970b-500wi These live mats and rusticles form a communicating super-organism funneling iron-rich fluids, sulfur, and electrical charges through the collective of archea, fungi, and bacteria that thrives in the icy dark, low oxygen waters. Using DNA technology, researchers discovered that the rusticles were formed by a combination of 27 different strains of bacteria. Among the bacteria feasting on the Titanic, there was a brand new member of the salt-loving Halomonas genus.

In June 2003, NOAA’s Office of Ocean Exploration sponsored an 11-day research cruise to the wreck site aboard the Russian Research Vessel Akademik Mstislav Keldysh. The vessel is equipped with two three-person submersibles (Mir I and Mir II) capable of diving to depths of 6,000 meters; the depth of the Titanic is 3,800 meters (12,467 feet).

OE planned four Mir dives to the Titanic to assess the wreck site in its current condition, and provide an opportunity to conduct scientific observations for ongoing research. Scientists from the United States and Canada were invited to participate in the expedition.

Larry Murphy, chief of the Submerged Resources Center, National Park Service, was on hand to provide archaeology assistance and advice. His expertise on metallic shipwrecks and site formation processes from the USS Arizona Memorial directly complements NOAA’s guidelines on Titanic. Dr. George Bass, known as the “father of maritime archaeology” from the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA), also joined the trip to offer archaeological expertise.

More than 24 hrs of annotated, on-site video data were acquired and catalogued, used to construct a photo mosaic of the wreck site, provide a context for site characteristics, and form a better understanding of site formation processes. The stern section of Titanic, which has largely been ignored in the past because it is in a jumbled state, was specifically analyzed.

The second objective of the expedition addressed microbial communities, the rusticles, that consume Titanic’s iron and cling to the wreck like rusty icicles. These features have been observed throughout the years. Ongoing qualitative analyses contribute to the scientific research regarding the ship’s degradation. Roy Cullimore and Lori Johnston from Droycon Bioconcepts, Inc. (DBI) of Canada organized the microbiological and rusticle observations.

A view of the bathtub in Capt. Smiths bathroom. Rusticles are observed growing over most of the pipes and fixtures in the room. Image courtesy of Lori Johnston, RMS Titanic Expedition 2003, NOAA-OE.

A 2003 expedition sent two Mir submersibles to survey the microbes that are infesting the ship and to determine their rate of growth. In 1998, four steel test platforms were placed in various locations near and on the wreck to assess the growth of rusticles on steel in different stages of fatigue. This expedition visited these platforms, and the video imagery revealed that all four showed strong evidence of rusticle growth. The longest rusticle extended 2.5 inches from the steel coupon.

One of the experiments conducted on this expedition was to see if a common species of surface-dwelling bacteria could survive exposure to the conditions at the Titanic site. In 1998, five species were sent to the site and survived for 18 hrs with losses of no more than one order of magnitude of cells. This year, the experiment was limited to one species of bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) with replication made possible using the BART reader system. This data showed that survivors from the dive (without any protection from the conditions at the site) were impacted to a varying degree, from no reduction of cell activity to less than one order of magnitude of reduction. One of the replicates showed three orders of magnitude reduction in cell activity.

Further observations were made on the deterioration of the bow and stern sections of Titanic. From these observations it appears that the stern section of the ship is deteriorating at a faster rate than the bow section, and has been calculated to be about 40 yrs ahead of the forward section. This was determined due to the state of the steel at the stern, which was severely embrittled and distorted, providing better "habitat" for rusticle formation. Also, because food was stored on Titanic primarily in the stern section of the ship, it supplied the initial nutrients for rusticle growth. Lastly, surfaces within the hull that had been torn apart served as a staging ground for rusticle growth.

6a00d8341bf7f753ef014e60e949cb970c-800wi


The Daily Galaxy via oceanexplorer.noaa.gov

Get Your Daily Dose of Awe @'The Daily Galaxy' in Your Facebook News Feed

Comments

Wow that is truly amazing dude. Wow.

www.web-anonymity.at.tc

My husband and I came across your article and found it to be news worthy. My wife and I appreciated your infomration and I look forward to viewing more from your site very soon. Is there a way to subscribe to more stories that are written here on your site?

Rosetta Stone is proprietary language-learning software produced by Rosetta Stone;Ltd. Its title and its logo refer to the Rosetta Stone , an artifact inscribed in multiple languages that helped Jean-Fran?ois Champollion to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.
The Rosetta Stone software uses a combination of images, text, and sound, with difficulty levels increasing as the student progresses, in order to teach various vocabulary terms and grammatical functions intuitively, without drills or translation. They call this the Dynamic Immersion method;. The goal is to teach languages the way first languages are learned.Now,the Rosetta Stone;Ltd have several kinds of the Rosetta Stone language on sale,such as Rosetta Stone Spanish,Rosetta Stone German and Rosetta Stone Italian, these Rosetta Stone Languages are very popular now!

Are the bacteria & other micro - organisms acting in a cooperative, symbiotic fashion, as if they were unified ? That would be something unusual. It's unfortunate that these organisms with " Social Intelligence " are slowly turning the remains of such an historic ship - wreck into a giant rust stain on the North Atlantic floor.

Your blog has the same post as another author but i like your better.

Harvesting these rust remains will give them an even better hotter thermite compound to do more terror with.

OR

It will make a special steel needed somewhere specific.

Why leave valuable resources laying around?

Speaking as a microbiologist, I feel the need to point out that there is POSITIVELY NOTHING ALIEN about an extremophile that exhibits quorum sensing. We've been finding these things more and more often as we look in places that were once unaccessible, and it's honestly becoming commonplace. Don't say "alien"; it's not. Not even close. Not even if it's your birthday.

i STIL say it didnt hit any iceberg .

i dont know exactly WHAT happened YET but i guarantee THAT wasnt it . i know how it works . :)

( altho it looks like its hit ice in that picture first one ive seen like too . kind of amazing really . amazing . )

In my country, China, we have been researching for many centuries to produce a super organism. Many herbal medicines,and things like deer antlers etc. have been used in my country, China.

I would love to have a super organism, myself.

How many people clicked the link because they thought it said New Super Orgasm?

I refuse to believe an iceburg sank the Titanic. It was an Illumanti plan to kill off 3 ex highranking members of the Scottish Right of Freemasonry that were traveling on the ship. The plot was put together by a man named Theroius DelGuel who used a primative chemical reaction-type bomb to blast a hole in the boat. The FACTS are there, research them!!!!!

For a science blog, many of these comments appear to be written by some real mouthbreathers.

The 'superorganism' AKA sea bed tourists...

Took me awhile to read all the comments, but I really love the article. It proved to be very useful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here!

There is no doubt that Titanic is great movie.


Post a comment

« Weekend Feature: NASA's New Search for Invisible Dimensions of the Universe | Main | From the 'X-Files' Dept: "Life May have had Multiple Origins in the Universe" »




1


2


3


4


5


6


7


8





9


11


12


13


14


15

Our Partners

technology partners

A


19


B

About Us/Privacy Policy

For more information on The Daily Galaxy and to contact us please visit this page.



E