Image of the Day: Billion-Year Old "Black Widow" Pulsar Ripping Through Milky Way at 1 Million KPH
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September 15, 2010

Image of the Day: Billion-Year Old "Black Widow" Pulsar Ripping Through Milky Way at 1 Million KPH

B1957_ill1
 

The "Black Widow" pulsar is zipping through the galaxy at a speed of almost a million kilometers per hour. A bow shock wave due to this motion is visible to optical telescopes, shown in this image as the greenish crescent shape. The pressure behind the bow shock creates a second shock wave that sweeps the cloud of high-energy particles back from the pulsar to form a cocoon.

The Black Widow,  a class of extremely rapid rotating neutron stars called millisecond pulsars, is emitting intense high-energy radiation that appears to be destroying a companion star through evaporation. 

These objects are thought to be very old neutron stars that have been spun up to rapid rotation rates with millisecond periods by pulling material off their companions. The steady push of the infalling matter on the neutron star spins it up in much the same way as pushing on a merry-go-round causes it to rotate faster.

The advanced age, very rapid rotation rate, and relatively low magnetic field of millisecond pulsars put them in a separate class from young pulsars, such as the Crab Nebula. Yet the Chandra data show that this billion-year-old rejuvenated pulsar is an extremely efficient generator of matter and antimatter particles, just like its younger cousins.

The key is the rapid rotation of B1957+20. The Chandra result confirms the theory that even a relatively weakly magnetized neutron star can generate intense electromagnetic forces and accelerate particles to high energies to create a pulsar wind, if it is rotating rapidly enough.

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Casey Kazan via Chandra X Ray Observatory

Comments

The image here is an artist's impression. The actual Chandra image isn't nearly as nice-looking but does include the green shock wave mentioned in the article: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2807833.stm

Damn, pulsars don't fuck around do they

Not to rain on your parade but, 1.000.000/3600= 277 km per second, only 10% higher than our 250 km/sec velocity around the galaxy core. No faster than that Mercedes passing by in the left lane at a steady pace.

Unless that star has got some bizarre trajectory, OK... But that isnt mentioned.

ronald, I think they mean rotation as in spinning, not rotation as in orbit.

Nope, it says:
"zipping through the galaxy at a speed of almost a million kilometers per hour"

That's about its trajectory, not its rotation. The solar system moves around the galaxy center at about 250 km/sec, so it's not exactly phenomenal, unless it has a really weird trajectory.

WOW!!!!!!! I would hate to be in it's path!!!!!!!!!!!!!Love the picure.

KPH? really?

Who uses KPH anymore? Europe? LOL


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