Everything you need to know about the evolution debate in a single sentence: while one side shouts about how it hasn't happened, the scientists have already measured its speed. It turns out that when you're interested in things like "proof" and "inquiry" you can make forward progress instead of insisting everything ever was already known before the invention of the lightbulb.
An international collaboration between the Max Planck Institute and Indiana University analyzed the mutations of thirty mustard samples over five years. The painstaking research was intended to identify every change at every step, instead of the usual "Come back at the end and see what happened." They found an evolutionary speed of one base pair mutation per 140 million base pairs per generation. Each plant has 120 million, and when you add up how many millions of each plant there are and how fast they grow that's a breakneck genetic speed.
Another illuminating fact is that every single sequence taken in the tests was checked thirty times. Most intelligent design fans online don't spellcheck. These scientists make people who triple-check look like cavalier drunkards. The unprecedented accuracy was made possible by advances in genetic technology, allowing essays which used to take years to be batch-processed in days.
We don't have to worry about rogue mustard seeds with laser vision and grasping tentacles, because the majority of these mutated basepairs have no effect. They either don't do anything or render their host less effective rather than more, but the huge genetic flux explains how plants can adapt so quickly to changing conditions - including pesticides.
This improved understanding of evolution is essential. We're entering a genetic age where we no longer have to live with lottery results coded into our cells. There may be those against the advances, just like the Luddites who smashed factories and the particularly hairy and slope-foreheaded cavemen who clubbed fire users, but it's the future.