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Is a Dark, Parallel Universe Pulling the Milky Way Towards It at 14-Million MPH?

Virgo_kpno_big

Astronomers have known for years that something unknown apears to be "pulling" our Milky Way and tens of thousands of other galaxies toward itself at a breakneck 22 million kilometers (14 million miles) per hour. But they couldn’t pinpoint exactly what, or where it is.

One of the most fascinating discoveries of our new century may be imminent if the Large Hadron Collider outside Geneva produces nano-blackholes when it goes live again. According to the best current physics, such nano blackholes could not be produced with the energy levels the LHC can generate, but coud only come into being if a parallel universe were providing extra gravitational input. Versions of multiverse theory suggest that there is at least one other universe very close to our own, perhaps only a millimeter away. This makes it possible that some of the effects, especially gravity, "leak through," which could be responsible for the production of dark energy and dark matter that make up 96% of the universe.

A huge volume of space that includes the Milky Way and super-clusters of galaxies is flowing towards a mysterious, gigantic unseen mass named mass astronomers have dubbed "The Great Attractor," some 250 million light years from our Solar System.

The Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies are the dominant structures in a galaxy cluster called the Local Group which is, in turn, an outlying member of the Virgo supercluster. Andromeda--about 2.2 million light-years from the Milky Way--is speeding toward our galaxy at 200,000 miles per hour.

This motion can only be accounted for by gravitational attraction, even though the mass that we can observe is not nearly great enough to exert that kind of pull. The only thing that could explain the movement of Andromeda is the gravitational pull of a lot of unseen mass--perhaps the equivalent of 10 Milky Way-size galaxies--lying between the two galaxies.

Meanwhile, our entire Local Group is hurtling toward the center of the Virgo Cluster (image above)  at one million miles per hour.

The Milky Way and its neighboring Andromeda galaxy, along with some 30 smaller ones, form what is known as the Local Group, which lies on the outskirts of a “super cluster”—a grouping of thousands of galaxies—known as Virgo, which is also pulled toward the Great Attractor. Based on the velocities at these scales, the unseen mass inhabiting the voids between the galaxies and clusters of galaxies amounts to perhaps 10 times more than the visible matter.

Even so, adding this invisible material to luminous matter brings the average mass density of the universe still to within only 10-30 percent of the critical density needed to "close" the universe. This phenomena suggests that the universe be "open." Cosmologists continue to debate this question, just as they are also trying to figure out the nature of the missing mass, or "dark matter."

It is believed that this dark matter dictates the structure of the Universe on the grandest of scales. Dark matter gravitationally attracts normal matter, and it is this normal matter that astronomers see forming long thin walls of super-galactic clusters.

Recent measurements with telescopes and space probes of the distribution of mass in M31 -the largest galaxy in the neighborhood of the Milky Way- and other galaxies led to the recognition that galaxies are filled with dark matter and have shown that a mysterious force—a dark energy—fills the vacuum of empty space, accelerating the universe's expansion.

Astronomers now recognize that the eventual fate of the universe is inextricably tied to the presence of dark energy and dark matter.The current standard model for cosmology describes a universe that is 70 percent dark energy, 25 percent dark matter, and only 5 percent normal matter.

We don't know what dark energy is, or why it exists. On the other hand, particle theory tells us that, at the microscopic level, even a perfect vacuum bubbles with quantum particles that are a natural source of dark energy. But a naïve calculation of the dark energy generated from the vacuum yields a value 10120 times larger than the amount we observe. Some unknown physical process is required to eliminate most, but not all, of the vacuum energy, leaving enough left to drive the accelerating expansion of the universe.

A new theory of particle physics is required to explain this physical process.

The universe as we see it contains only the stable relics and leftovers of the big bang: unstable particles have decayed away with time, and the perfect symmetries have been broken as the universe has cooled, but the structure of space remembers all the particles and forces we can no longer see around us.

Discovering what it is that makes up the heart of the Great Attractor -- will surely rank as one of the greatest discoveries in the history of science.

Recent findings suggest these motions are the result of gravitational forces from not one, but two things: the Great Attractor, and a conglomerate of galaxies far beyond it.

The location of the Great Attractor was finally determined in 1986 and lies at a distance of 250 million light years  from the Milky Way, in the direction of the Hydra and Centaurus constellations. That region of space is dominated by the Norma cluster, a massive cluster of galaxies, and contains a preponderance of large, old galaxies, many of which are colliding with their neighbors, and or radiating large amounts of radio waves.

Major concentration of galaxies lies beyond the Great Attractor, near the so-called Shapley Supercluster, 500 million light-years away—the most massive known super-cluster. Mapping X-ray luminous galaxy clusters in the Great Attractor region has shown that the pull our galaxy is experiencing is most likely due to both the nearby Great Attractor and these more distant structures.

In the 1987, a group of astronomers known as the "Seven Samurai," at Cal Tech  uncovered this coordinated motion of the Milky Way and our several million nearest galactic neighbors. They found that galaxies are very unevenly distributed in space, with galactic super-clusters separated by incredibly huge voids of visible ordinary matter. The place towards which we all appear headed was originally called the New Supergalactic Center or the Very Massive Object until one of the discoverers, Alan Dressler, decided they needed a more evocative name and came up with "The Great Attractor."

The motion of local galaxies indicated there was something massive out there that are pulling the Milky Way, the Andromeda Galaxy, and other nearby galaxies towards it. For a while, nobody could see what it was, because it lies behind the plane of our Galaxy --- that means the gas and dust in our Galaxy obscures the light from the Great Attractor, and it is outshone by the stars and other objects in our Galaxy.

The Great Attractor is a diffuse concentration of matter some 400 million light-years in size located around 250 million light-years away within the so-called "Centaurus Wall" of galaxies , about seven degrees off the plane of the Milky Way. X-ray observations with the ROSAT satellite then revealed that Abell 3627 is at the center of the Great Attractor. It lies in the so-called Zone of Avoidance, where the dust and stars of the Milky Way's disk obscures as much as a quarter of the Earth's visible sky.

Posted by Casey Kazan. Image credit: Wally Pacholtz

http://www.solstation.com/x-objects/great
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/ask_astro/answers/990924a2.html
http://www.world-science.net/exclusives/060419_attractorfrm.html

Comments

This is a fascinating article. If only someone had spell checked the first 1/4 of the document. I was going to post this on my Facebook page, but not with all the errors. It makes the article look like a 5th grader wrote it.

@Mark You sir, are a total cocksucker.

"Is a Dark, Parallel Universe Pulling the Milky Way Towards It at 14-Million MPH?" that's what i'm hoping for my whole life! the faster the better!

@Mark happy easter, man!

/*.... such nano blackholes could not be produced with the energy levels the LHC can generate, but coud only come into being if a parallel universe were providing extra gravitational input...*/

In another words, if parallel universe exists, we evaporate - if it doesn't exist, we wouldn't... A nice prospect, indeed.

BTW by some physicists such nano blackholes were formed at Tevatron already..

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02732-6

Indeed a compelling article but it really should have been up front about it's references... i.e. wikipeia....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Attractor#Location

It's almost word for word.

What if...gravity is not an attraction but a pressure generated by zero point energy, is driving the expansion of the universe and is actually the dimension of time, not a parallel universe but just off in another direction as in Non-Euclidean geometry? What if this medium is what electromagnetic radiation propagates in and subatomic particles manifest out of? The ether/aether, the quantum probability ocean, non-particle in nature, pervades the entire universe and is what is to become...the dimension of time and everything is connected in this medium which is also responsible for the superluminal nature of quantum entanglement?

@Asteroidea
Coulden't have said it better myself!
Bravo!

Hello PinealPete,
Maybe the motion of rotating galaxies through space is caused by a vortex created in space/time as in frame drag and torsion field physics? Could it be possible to create a smaller similar effect using electromagnetic forces?
Asteroidea

According to the best current physics, such nano blackholes [sic] could not be produced with the energy levels the LHC can generate, but coud [sic] only come into being if a parallel universe were providing extra gravitational input.

Um, no.

Micro black holes would be formed by latching onto a fifth dimension in the Randall-Sundrum space-time model in which the fifth dimension is the source of the gravity leak in mathematical models of certain cosmologies. No parallel universes are involved. That's a different theory. See:

http://arxiv.org/abs/0911.1884v1

and for a more casual write-up just in case you need it:

http://worldofweirdthings.com/2009/11/16/the-micro-black-hole-dilemma-revisited/

as for the formation of parallel universe, see:

http://worldofweirdthings.com/2009/10/20/the-tricky-business-of-universe-counting/

It's much more complicated and harder to prove than you make it out to be.

Also, copying speculative hypotheses from Wikipedia and not actually linking to your sources to give them traffic? Not cool. Not at all...

I am still unable to think of gravity so much as a "force" as it is simply what general relativity claims it is: a description of motion that in the absence of collisions or other forces interfering will describe how two bodies move in relation to each other forever.

Geodesics are such beautiful things. Were I free to follow mine I would never experience any acceleration that could be labeled "gravity," although I would speed up and slow down as I orbited the center of mass of the Earth in a huge ellipse. When we talk about this "force" we tend to forget this force would never actually take me to the EXACT center of the planet and I won't even be in its vicinity for very long, so this strange force has to reappear and accelerate me away like a shot (especially if the center of mass is moving and I have just sling-shotted and stolen some energy from the Earth's orbit of the Sun so I can really go zooming off.)

Another little comment on the way that the cosmic foam "remembers" all the stuff that borrowed a little time or a little energy and winked in and out. That memory reminds me of homeopathic medicine, of all things, which has a similar theory about how water "remembers" a substance long after multiple dilutions have eliminated any chance of a molecule actually still being in the remaining volume. This smacks some of QM, which frequently has to pretend that things still in some sense "are" everywhere, including places we think they have departed.

I remember when I first considered the possibility that parrallel universes were exerting gravity on our known universe and that would explain much of the dark matter debate. I think the evidence shows that this is not the case simply because the effects attributable to dark matter are too uniform to be explained by gravity seeping through the branes of a different dimensional universe. However, it could absolutely explain some instances where we simply just attribute an effect to dark matter (which is really just saying we do not what the causation really is). I think relativity breaks down completely here and everything we conjure up although helpful is untestable. Drives me fucking crazy. Btw: I'm writing this pn my cell phone on a train so if my spelling or prose lacks and you have a problem,

http://www.weburbia.com/pg/grauer.htm

I believe that these theories, you have came up with are all based and actual revilance, as are most of these other comments, but it is thus that i have come to see that none of these comments bare answers, not one. But again that is okay, because most know that science, especialy the best science is entirley based on theory, which leads me to say that all are good enough, whatever possible threat, or maybe even paradise that awaits upon most of these carefully conjured up theories, doesn't place an actual fear to most because we have no idea of which await, and thus.. leads us to one of our most FAQ " When will it happen?" and "How will it happen?" I personaly cannot give you a detailed explanation on what i think is going on, but i can say it is a magnitude of other things,including both astronomical, and geographical, and whatever of which the chaos might be... the point is... except it, and move on. which ever fate, is our fate.

The explanation is probably here:
http://mujige.com/1010

and here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQ-ZaU6FHNw

Hint: it's an artificially constructed wormhole in a parallel universe "vampiring" quanta from our side.

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