Scientists Bio-engineer a Virus that Destroys Cancer Cells
Live@Live Earth -A Daily Galaxy Special Report

Italian Scientists Build World’s First “Atomic Laser” Envisioned by Einstein in 1925

Laserfs_2 Over eight decades ago, in 1925, Albert Einstein predicted the eventual creation of the atom laser. However, up until now, no one could actually build one, because no one could find a way to stop atoms from bouncing into one another. For that reason, it has been considered a practical impossibility. However, the “impossible” has been achieved by a team of Italian scientists who have managed to create the world’s first atomic laser.

Lasers, as they exist now, are concentrated streams of light particles, or photons. “Laser” is an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation". Lasers are possible because of the way light interacts with electrons and the beam consists entirely of photons, released by electrons as excess energy, when they drop from an outer to an inner level.

The discovery by Florence University researchers will produce lasers of atoms, rather than photons, reported the Italian news agency ANSA recently.

Inguscio's team used potassium isotopes to build an "atomic condensate" squeezed into a harmonious whole by a magnetic field, similar to a theoretical model envisioned by Einstein and his colleague Satyendra Nath Bose, Inguscio said. "In this way the interaction of atoms is virtually nonexistent."

An atomic laser is eagerly awaited in the field of micro-electronics, says Inguscio. As the technology is so new, the many possibilities of the new technology are still being explored.

A a of recent laser history: a regular photon "lunar laser ranging retroreflector array was placed on the moon by Apollo 11 astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong put it there on July 21, 1969, about an hour before the end of their final moonwalk. Almost 40 years later, it's the only Apollo science experiment still running. Using these mirrors astronomers can 'ping' the moon with laser pulses from telescopes and pinpoints  the Earth-moon distance with awesome precision.

A key observing site is the McDonald Observatory in Texas where a 0.7 meter telescope regularly pings reflectors in the Sea of Tranquility (Apollo 11), at Fra Mauro (Apollo 14) and Hadley Rille (Apollo 15), and, sometimes, in the Sea of Serenity.

Over the decades, researchers using lasers have carefully traced the moon's orbit, and they've learned that:
The moon is spiraling away from Earth at a rate of 3.8 cm per year, due to Earth's ocean tides; the moon probably has a liquid core; Newton's gravitational constant G is stable, changing less than 1 part in 100-billion since the laser experiments began.

Laser results have also been used to to check Einstein's theory of gravity, the general theory of relativity and have found that Einstein's equations predict the shape of the moon's orbit as well as laser ranging can measure it.

Posted by Rebecca Sato with Casey Kazan.

Story Link

NASA Moon Laser Array Link

Comments

Who edits this stuff? I love the content but physics is much harder than a sentence that makes sense. ;)

A a of recent laser history: a regular photon "lunar laser ranging retroreflector array was placed on the moon by Apollo 11 astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong put it there on July 21, 1969, about an hour before the end of their final moonwalk. Almost 40 years later, it's the only Apollo science experiment still running.



He COULD be right.

Who says that a light in the early universe faster than actual light would conflict with any Eisten theory ???

Anybody that sustain this is incorrect.

Einstein has never postulated anything regarding the light speed in the early universe : NOT to the common knowledge anyway.

There are always exception to the general rule : Don't You know ??? Surprising.

Even the 'actual' black holes show 'strange properties' in regards of the light.

Therefore when the light formed in early universe together with the first athoms of Hydrogen and NO galaxy nor GIGARSTAR was yet there...it is indeed very possible that the light speed was MUCH higher than the actual one.

Agreed on the moon going slowly away from us as measured by the test on the laser reflectors placed on the moon by the Apollo 11 crew.

It is also true that Earth planet rotation speed slows down constantly...probably due to the moon gravity.
At the end of the day the moon was an 'acquired-built' satellite from a planetary giga-impact and was NOT formed together with planet earth.

Regards to the early universe exceptions to the general rules.

Claudio


Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Working...
Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been posted. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.

Working...

Post a comment

Your Information

(Name is required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)