NASA Science Team to Track 2017 Total Solar Eclipse --"Will Chase Shadow of the Moon from Two Research Jets" (WATCH Today's 'Galaxy' Stream)

 

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“These could well turn out to be the best ever observations of high frequency phenomena in the corona,” says Dan Seaton, co-investigator of the project and researcher at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado. “Extending the observing time and going to very high altitude might allow us to see a few events or track waves that would be essentially invisible in just two minutes of observations from the ground.”

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Modern Human Mental Disorders --"Shaped By Ancient Echo of Our Neanderthal DNA"

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Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have produced the first direct evidence that parts of our brains implicated in mental disorders may be shaped by a "residual echo" from our ancient past. The more a person's genome carries genetic vestiges of Neanderthals, the more certain parts of his or her brain and skull resemble those of humans' evolutionary cousins that went extinct 40,000 years ago, says NIMH's Karen Berman, M.D. NIMH is part of the National Institutes of Health.

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NASA Fires Up the World’s Most powerful Rocket --"Poised for Crucial Role in Future Manned Mar's Missions"

 

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The test at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi is the latest in a series of firings of the
forthcoming Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, which will be powered by four R2-25 engines firing simultaneously providing 2 million pounds of thrust, according to NASA and will work in conjunction with a pair of solid rocket boosters, which provide an additional 6.8 million pounds of thrust.

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"Extinction by Ice" --Massive Comets From Oort Belt More Common Threat to Earth Than Previously Thought


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"Comets travel much faster than asteroids, and some of them are very big," said Amy Mainzer, co-author based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, and principal investigator of the NEOWISE mission. "Studies like this will help us define what kind of hazard long-period comets may pose."

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Long-Sought Self-Annihilating "Angel Particle" Detected --"Both Matter and Anti-Matter at Once"

 

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“Our team predicted exactly where to find the Majorana fermion and what to look for as its ‘smoking gun’ experimental signature,” said Zhang, a theoretical physicist and one of the senior authors of the research paper. “This discovery concludes one of the most intensive searches in fundamental physics, which spanned exactly 80 years.”

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Volcanoes Reveal Water Deep Inside the Moon

 

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"The growing evidence for water inside the Moon suggest that water did somehow survive, or that it was brought in shortly after the impact by asteroids or comets before the Moon had completely solidified," said Shau Li at Brown University. "The exact origin of water in the lunar interior is still a big question."

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Rare Quadruple Gravitational Lense Discovered --"At the Forefront of Research in Cosmology"

 

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Gravitational lenses are at the forefront of current research in cosmology and astrophysics. In astrophysics, they have been used to uncover the structure of massive galaxies, to study how supermassive black holes relate to their host galaxies, and to gain insight into quasar accretion disks as well as their black hole spin. In cosmology, they have contributed to measuring the distribution of dark matter around galaxies and the expansion history of the universe.

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"Is the Monster Awakening?" Threat Level Raised for Europe's Supervolcano, Campi Flegrei Last Erupted in 1538

 

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Campi Flegrei, "burning fields", is a supervolcano that consists of a vast and complex network of underground chambers that formed hundreds of thousands of years ago, stretching from the outskirts of Naples to underneath the Mediterranean Sea and last erupted in 1538.

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NASA's Cassini Saturn Mission's Finale: "Something Unexpected is Awaiting Discovery"

 

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As NASA's Cassini spacecraft makes its unprecedented series of weekly dives between Saturn and its rings, scientists are finding—so far—that the planet's magnetic field has no discernable tilt. This surprising observation, which means the true length of Saturn's day is still unknown, is just one of several early insights from the final phase of Cassini's mission, known as the Grand Finale.

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Physicists Narrow Down Theories of Dark Matter --" New Particles to Primordial Black Holes"

 

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Dark matter is the aptly named unseen material that makes up the bulk of matter in our universe. But what dark matter is made of is a matter of debate. Scientists have never directly detected dark matter. But over decades, they have proposed a variety of theories about what type of material -- from new particles to primordial black holes -- could comprise dark matter and explain its many effects on normal matter.

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