Jupiter's Hellish Moon, Io: Volcano Epi-Center of Our Solar System --"Could Harbor Extreme Life" (Weekend Feature)

 

 

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"Everyone right away tends to categorically exclude the possibility of life on Io," said astrobiologist Dirk Schulze-Makuch at Washington State University. "Conditions on Io might have made it a friendlier habitat in the distant past. If life did ever develop on Io, there is a chance it might have survived to the present day."

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Europe's Large Hadron Collider --"May Unveil Something Totally Unthinkable" In Months Ahead (Weekend Feature)

 

 

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Going beyond the Standard Model of physics would "mean that there is yet another unbelievable idea out there. Something that is totally unthinkable," says CERN senior physicist Paris Sphicas. In 2016, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) could unveil whole new dimensions, help explain dark matter and dark energy, of which we have no understanding but which together make up 95 percent of the universe. Late last year, before CERN shut down its LHC for a technical break, two separate teams of scientists said they had discovered anomalies that could possibly hint at the existence of a mysterious new particle that could prove the existence of extra space-time dimensions, or explain the enigma of dark matter, scientists say.

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LIGO Gravitational Wave Observatory --"Predicts a Universe of Merging Black Holes"

 

 

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New calculations predict that the Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (LIGO) will detect approximately 1,000 mergers of massive black holes annually once it achieves full sensitivity early next decade. The prediction is based on computer simulations of more than a billion evolving binary stars. The simulations are based on state-of-the-art modeling of the physics involved, informed by the most recent astronomical and astrophysical observations.

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Mystery Signal from One of Most Massive Objects in Universe --"Defies Known Physics" (Friday's Most Popular)

 

 

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"I couldn't believe my eyes," said Esra Bulbul of the Harvard Center for Astrophysics in July of 2014. "What we found, at first glance, could not be explained by known physics." Together with a team of more than a half-dozen colleagues, Bulbul used NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory to explore the Perseus Cluster, a swarm of galaxies approximately 250 million light years from Earth. Imagine a cloud of gas in which each atom is a whole galaxy—that's a bit what the Perseus cluster is like. It is one of the most massive known objects in the Universe. The cluster itself is immersed in an enormous 'atmosphere' of superheated plasma—and it is there that the mystery resides.

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China Nears Completion of World's Largest Radio Telescope --"Goal is First Nation to Detect Alien Life" (A 'Galaxy' Insight)

 

 

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"Having a more sensitive telescope, we can receive weaker and more distant radio messages," Wu Xiangping, director-general of the Chinese Astronomical Society, said of the 500-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) nestled in a bowl-shaped valley between hills in the southwestern province of Guizhou "It will help us to search for intelligent life outside of the galaxy and explore the origins of the universe," he added underscoring the China's race to be the first nation to discover the existence of an advanced alien civilization.

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"10,000 Leagues Under the Sea" --World's Largest Neutrino Telescope to Study Evolution of the Universe

 

 

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The deep-sea array will soak up signals from neutrinos traveling through the cosmos to study the evolution of the universe and to discover more about the fundamental properties of these prized sub-atomic particles KM3NeT - a European collaboration pioneering the deployment of kilometer cubed arrays of neutrino detectors off the Mediterranean coast.

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NASA/Hubble: Dark Vortex Observed in Atmosphere of Neptune

 

 

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New images obtained on May 16, 2016, by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope confirm the presence of a dark vortex in the atmosphere of Neptune. Though similar features were seen during the Voyager 2 flyby of Neptune in 1989 and by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1994, this vortex is the first one observed on Neptune in the 21st century.

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MIT: "We Want to Observe the Dark Universe Using Gravity as a Messenger"

 

 

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"There are many processes in the universe that are inherently dark; they don't give off light of any color," said Nergis Mavalvala, part of the MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research team and a leader of the research team. "Since many of those processes involve gravity, we want to observe the universe using gravity as a messenger."

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"CSI" --NASA Detects a Deadly Monster Black Hole Event 3.9 Billion Years Old

 

 

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Some 3.9 billion years ago in the heart of a distant galaxy, the intense tidal pull of a monster black hole shredded a star that passed too close. When X-rays produced in this event first reached Earth on March 28, 2011, they were detected by NASA's Swift satellite, which notified astronomers around the world. Within days, scientists concluded that the outburst, now known as Swift J1644+57, represented both the tidal disruption of a star and the sudden flare-up of a previously inactive black hole.

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ESO Probes Gravity Field and Stars Orbiting Milky Way's Supermassive Black Hole

 

 

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One of the primary goals of the GRAVITY instrument is now operating with the four telescopes of ESO's Very Large Telescope is to make detailed observations of the surroundings of the 4 million solar mass black hole at the very center of the Milky Way, which lies on the sky in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer) and is some 25 000 light-years distant from Earth. Although the position and mass of the black hole have been known since 2002, by making precision measurements of the motions of stars orbiting it, GRAVITY will allow astronomers to probe the gravitational field around the black hole in unprecedented detail, providing a unique test of Einstein's general theory of relativity.

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